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Hazem Kandil

Hazem Kandil is the Cambridge University Reader in Political Sociology and Fellow of St Catharine’s College. He studies power relations in revolution and war, focusing on the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America.

Following an MA (2004) in International Relations from the American University in Cairo, and an MA (2005) in Political Theory from New York University, he received his PhD (2012) in Political Sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen: Egypt’s Road to Revolt (Verso 2012), Inside the Brotherhood (Polity 2014), and The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change (Oxford University Press 2016). He has published articles on revolution, warfare, and ideology in various academic journals and periodicals.

Kandil received the Philip Leverhulme Prize (2014), and a CRASSH ProFutura Scientia Fellowship (2016), which fund his current projects on the development of the US war doctrine, and the relationship between conscription and democracy in France and Egypt.




Kandil, H. (2016) The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change, Oxford University Press

Kandil, H. (2014) Inside the Brotherhood, Polity Press; updated paperback September 2016

Kandil, H. (2012) Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen: Egypt’s Road to Revolt, Verso, updated paperback 2013



Kandil, H. (2015) 'Why Islamists Count?', Cambridge Review of International Affairs 28(2)

Kandil, H. (2012) 'Why did the Egyptian Middle Class march to Tahrir Square?' Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 17: 197-215.

Kandil H. (2011) 'Islamizing Egypt: Testing the Limits of Gramscian Counterhegemonic Strategies', Theory and Society, Vol. 40: 37-62.

Kandil, H. (2010) 'Resisting Resistance: Examining the Shifting Balance of Threats in the Middle East', European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 15: 717-737.


Book Chapters

‘Back on Horse? The Military between Two Revolutions’, in Bahgat Korany and Rabab el-Mahdi (eds.), Arab Spring in Egypt: Revolution and Beyond. New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2012: 73-97.

‘On the Margins of Defeat: A Sociology of Arab Intellectuals under Authoritarianism’, in Bahgat Korany (ed.), The Changing Middle East: A New Look At Regional Dynamics. New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2010: 85-118.

‘Syrian Foreign Policy and the Challenge of Restructuring’, in Bahgat Korany and Ali al-Din Hilal (eds.), The Foreign Policy of Arab States: The Challenges of Globalization (3rd edition). Cairo: American University of Cairo Press, 2008: 421-456.


Book Reviews

-‘Whose Golden Age?’ New Left Review, Vol. 73, 2012: 140-145.

-‘“Crusty, Eloquent, Fantastically Courageous and Angry:” Reviewing Edward Said’s Representations of the Intellectual’, Al-Ahram Weekly Book Supplement, February 23-March 1, 2006.


Other Publications (Select)

‘What Sisi wants?’ London Review of Books, February 2014.

‘How the Brotherhood Failed’, The World Today, December 2013.

‘The End of Islamism?’ London Review of Books Blog, July 2013.

‘Deadlock in Cairo’, London Review of Books, March 2013.

‘Permanent Subversion’, London Review of Books Blog, December 2012.

‘Mohamed Morsi and the Classic Revolutionary Trap’, The Guardian, November 2012.

‘Tahrir Square: Choosing the Right Place for the Wrong Reasons’, Progressive Planning, No. 191, 2012: 40-42.

‘Revolt in Egypt’, New Left Review, Vol. 68, 2011: 17-55.


Encyclopedia Entries

Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics. Entries: ‘Cultural Invasion’, ‘Capitulations’, ‘Nur Movement’, ‘Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (AKP)’.

  • Position: Reader in Political Sociology
  • E-mail:
  • Tel: 01223 334532
  • Address: Department of Sociology, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RQ
  • Topics of study: militarism; warfare; revolution; state institutions (especially military and security); and ideological movements.
  • Theoretical interests: political realism; military sociology; revolution theory; state theory; sociology of intellectuals; classical and contemporary social theory. Method: comparative historical institutionalism.
  • Regional focus: Middle East, Europe, and the United States.
  • Dr Kandil supervises graduate students